Physiotherapy includes diagnosis and management of movement dysfunction and enhancement of physical and functional abilities; restoration, maintenance, and promotion of optimal physical function, optimal fitness and wellness, and optimal quality of life as it relates to movement and health; and prevention of the onset, symptoms, and progression of impairment, functional limitations, and disabilities that may result from diseases, disorders, conditions, or injuries. Physiotherapy combines passive modalities with therapeutic exercise to strengthen the spine and extremities.
To sum up what Physiotherapy is – it provides treatment that help maximize function, improve mobility, relieve pain, and minimize physical special needs of patients suffering from illness or injuries. Physiotherapy is used to: ease the pain of sprains and strains and minimize further injuries, plan treatment programs for patients who have neurological, orthopedic, and other disorders, reduce pain and improve motion, test for exercise stress, evaluate low back pain and eliminate functional causes, and rebuild self-confidence and interest in returning to an independent, active life, as much as possible.
Physiotherapy is intended to relieve pain through thermal therapy, water therapy, light therapy, and electric therapy.
Training for Daily Activities- The Physiotherapists’ train, advise and instruct patients in order to help them act in their daily lives without any or the least amount of difficulty. They also give advice on how to refurbish homes to facilitate training at home. Physiotherapy provides services to patients who have impairments, functional limitations, special needs, or changes in physical function and health status resulting from illness, injury, or other causes. Physiotherapists practice in a broad range of inpatient, outpatient and community-based settings, including the following in order of most common setting hospitals (critical care, intensive care, acute care, and sub acute care settings).
Hospital Physiotherapy departments are usually large enough to handle the following equipment:
A Electrotherapy area, which includes: diathermy, ultrasound, infrared, ultraviolet, hot packs, ice, electrical stimulation, paraffin, traction, massage and some of the exercise programs. Gym or exercise room, which has: parallel bars, walkers, crutches, canes, and practice staircases for walker training, stall bars shoulder wheels, pulleys, wrist rolls, finger ladders, wands, weights, and bicycles. Outpatient clinics or offices.
Fitness centers and sports training facilities. Other areas that Physiotherapists may become involved in are: industrial clinics, geriatrics, private practice, consultant, home health care, institutions for the mentally ill and mentally retarded, treating the blind (concerned with teaching your child an awareness of body image so that he/she can identify position in space, can maintain good balance and to acquire sufficient coordination to cope with sudden changes in position while moving in a dark world), sports medicine, foreign assignments,
teaching, research, and writing.
Physiotherapy is a health care field which assist people to restore, maintain and maximize their strength, function and well-being by using mechanical force, movements, manual therapy, exercise therapy, electro therapy to improve people’s quality of life. We primarily concern with back pain, neck pain, postural problems, joint and muscle pain, arthritis, geriatrics, cardiorespiratory, orthopedic, neurology, sports injury and various conditions using non drug approach.
A well-equipped Physiotherapy unit with a professional Physiotherapist will help patients to come out of their physical disabilities resulted either due to injury or due to long standing diseases.
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