This discipline of Ayurvedic Science deals with purificatory measures. The principle of treatment depicted in this discipline is applied by using Snehana, Swedana, Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya, Rakta Mokshana, etc. The criteria of selection of the patient are integral before the prescription of the above therapies. After that, treatment is prescribed by expert clinicians.
The term Panchakarma refers to Pancha – Five & Karma – the modality which brings homeostasis to the body. The five measures are Vamana Karma(Therapeutic Emesis), Virechana karma(Therapeutic Purgation), Basti Karma includes both Anuvasana and Niruha (Therapeutic enema) and Nasya Karma(Administration of drugs by the route of nasal cavity).
The department of panchakarma conducts all the five detoxifying procedures according to the classics. Ayurveda emphasizes on regular detoxification even for a disease free individual as it will help in enhancing their immunity, thus maintaining the healthy status in them together.
The five panchakarma therapies are as follows:
Each of these five therapies focus on different types of diseases. A healthy person can also undergo these therapies according to their nature and season.
The benefits of panchakarma therapies include; cleansing of the body, increasing digestive capacity, maintaining good health , immunity enhancer, reduces the severity or cure the disease, improves strength, aphrodisiac action, longevity, enhances the complexion, memory, sense organs, etc of a person.
Other than these 5 main detoxifying therapies, the department of panchakarma provides various types of external treatments such as Abhyanga (oil massage), Udwartana (powder massage), different types of sudation, different types of oleation, different types of dhara etc.
In the way that a clean cloth can absorb all colours, similarly, a body that undergoes detoxifying therapy can absorb all the nourishment properly. Hence these therapies play an important role in maintaining health and curing diseases.
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