Sri Sri College of Ayurvedic Science & Research Hospital, Sri Sri University, Cuttack

Medicinal uses of Clove

Medicinal uses of Clove

Details of the Plant:

Species (Family): Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & Perry (Myrtaceae)

Synonym(s):Caryophyllus aromaticus L., Eugenia aromatica (L.) Baill.,Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb., Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.)Bull. & Harr.

Part(s) Used:Clove (dried flowerbud), leaf, stem

Constituents:

Volatile oils

Clove bud oil (15–18%) containing eugenol (80–90%), eugenyl acetate (2–27%), b-caryophyllene (5–12%). Others include methylsalicylate, methyleugenol, benzaldehyde, methylamyl ketone and a-ylangene. Leaf oil (2%) containing eugenol 82–88%. Stem oil (4–6%) with eugenol 90–95%. A more comprehensive

listing is provided elsewhere.

Other constituents: Campesterol, carbohydrates, kaempferol, lipids, oleanolic acid, rhamnetin, sitosterol, stigmasterol and vitamins.

Food Use:

Clove is commonly used in cooking, and as a flavouring agent in food products.

Medicinal uses:

Clove has been traditionally used as a carminative, anti-emetic. Clove oil is used as carminative, occasionally used in the treatment of flatulent colic and is commonly used topically for symptomatic relief of toothache. It is used as an  ingredient in different herbal preparations to cure acidity, diarrhoea, dysentery, Cough etc.

Dosage:

  • Clove 120–300 mg
  • Clove oil (0.05–0.2 mL) is applied undiluted using a plug of cotton wool soaked in the oil and applied to the cavity of the tooth

Pharmacological Actions:

In vitro and animal studies

The anodyne and mild antiseptic properties documented for clove oil have been attributed to eugenol. Clove oil is stated to possess antihistaminic and antispasmodic properties. Eugenol, eugenol acetate and methyl acetate are reported to exhibit trypsin-potentiating activity. Antibacterial, hypoglycaemic and potent CNS-depressant activities have been documented.

Contra-indications, Warnings:

It is recommended that clove oil should be used with caution orally and should not be used on the skin. Repeated application of clove oil as a toothache remedy may result in damage to the gingival tissue. In view of the irritant nature of the volatile oil, concentrated clove oil is not suitable for internal use in doses larger than those recommended.

Pregnancy and lactation:

 There are no known problems with the use of clove during pregnancy or lactation, provided that doses taken do not greatly exceed the amounts used in foods.

Formulations:

Avipattikar Churna, Lavangadi Vati, Lavangadi Modak, Lavangadi ChurnaKhadiradi Gutika, Lavanga Chatusham, Lavangodaka

References:

  1. Agnivesha, Charakasamhita, Sutra Sthana 5. edited by Vaidya Yadavji Trikamji Acharya. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Surbharati Prakashan; 2008.
  • Sushruta Sutra Sthana 46, Shastri Ambikadutta, Choukhamba Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, Part 1
  • Dravya guna vijnana by Dr P.V. Sharma .
  • Dravya guna vijnana by Dr Gyanendra pandey.
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